What we will find here are lot of high geothermal activity, Fissures, lava cracks, tectonic faults, volcanic craters, bubbling geysers, geothermal mud pools, lava fields, caves
The Peninsula is perhaps one of the most underrated places in Iceland. Since November 2015, this area at Reykjanes Peninsula is known as UNESCO Global Geopark 829 km2
The most famous attraction in this area is the Blue Lagoon. There is a unique opportunity to see where the Atlantic Ridge rises above sea level displaying various forms of volcanic activity which has shaped this peninsula. You will be able to see the boundaries between Europe and America, where the ocean plates drift away from each other. You literally can walk over a bridge, between the tectonic plates dividing Europe from North America.
By the sea, there are many places with amazing rock formation astonishing cliffs, most of them dark grey. Additionally, you may see some colonies of sea birds, black sand and beaches.
A visit to the “High temperature” Geothermal areas, the famous hot spring “Gunnuhver”, Lighthouse is very popular. High geothermal areas have several characters. The main features are diversity in colors. The clay gives a brown and white color, the fool’s gold seems dark grey, the Sulphur has a beautiful yellow texture, and the copper amalgamation are blue green. Fumaroles are common on the peninsula, and they sometimes erupt with blue grey clay splatters.
The high temperature geothermal energy resources is harvested in the peninsula both by producing electricity around 175 MW and for district heating of all houses on the peninsula. Interesting development which started in the eighties utilizing the renewable and environment friendly energy. Read more about geothermal energy HERE